Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Normal contractions of the gut (called peristalsis) move food down the intestinal tract from the oral cavity to the rectum and facilitate absorption of nutrients. These peristaltic contractions occur when the muscle layers of the gut and the nerves embedded in them work together in a synchronized manner. Motility disorders of the gut can occur in association with abnormalities in other organ systems such as the central nervous system, mitochondrial disorders, muscular dystrophies and others. Neurogastroenterology helps in the comprehension of the elements of the parasympathetic, thoughtful, and enteric divisions of the gastrointestinal tract. Neurons are available on each surface of our body. It is because of these neurons that we feel and can do of the deliberate and automatic activities. So also, neurons are likewise found on the gastrointestinal surfaces. It is because of these neurons that we can swallow the nourishment, and which is then taken to the distinctive organs for their working, which thus is again organized by the cerebrum.